The Monumental complex of San Lorenzo Maggiore represents an historic and archeological example of a millenary journey from V century BC until to XVIII century AC. It is located in the most ancient area of Naples, where in the past times the Greek agora first and then the Roman Forum were placed, located in the same area of the current Piazza San Gaetano.
You will be able to make a journey through ages in the same small place and to admire the several historic and architectural layers visiting the Basilica and the Chiostro where you can get to the archeological area.
The basilica dedicated to the deacon San Lorenzo and constructed by the bishop Giovanni II (533-555) was realized in French gothic style during the Angioinum period. The church and the monastery were one of the first Franciscan settlements in Naples where many great artists of the XIV century found accommodation or shelter, like Petrarca and Boccaccio.
From the cloister, where you can see the well realized by Cosimo Fanzago, you can travel back in time by going down past the road level to the area destined to macellum, the local market of the roman period. The shops in the basement area show preexisting Greek structures dating back to IV century BC. Along the street you cam admire ancient stores, taverns and workshops, dyeing tank for clothes and the criptoportico (the covered market). Visting the complex of san Lorenzo Maggiore is like a journey through the ages, from the Greek-Roman Neapolis, the Thirteenth century and then up to the baroque of XVII century.